AskDefine | Define hydrophile

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. Any hydrophilic substance

Translations

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Extensive Definition

Aramid is Hydrophilic Lonergan, K 2008
Hydrophile, from the Greek (hydros) "water" and φιλια (philia) "friendship," refers to a physical property of a molecule that can transiently bond with water (H2O) through hydrogen bonding. This is thermodynamically favorable, and makes these molecules soluble not only in water, but also in other polar solvents. There are hydrophilic and hydrophobic parts of the cell membrane.
A hydrophilic molecule or portion of a molecule is one that is typically charge-polarized and capable of hydrogen bonding, enabling it to dissolve more readily in water than in oil or other hydrophobic solvents. Hydrophilic and hydrophobic molecules are also known as polar molecules and nonpolar molecules, respectively. Some hydrophilic substances don't dissolve. This type of mixture is called a colloid. Soap has a hydrophilic head and a hydrophobic tail, which allows it to dissolve in both waters and oils, therefore allowing the soap to clean a surface.
hydrophile in Danish: Hydrofil
hydrophile in German: Hydrophilie
hydrophile in Spanish: Hidrófilo
hydrophile in Esperanto: Hidrofila
hydrophile in French: Composé hydrophile
hydrophile in Korean: 친수성
hydrophile in Italian: Idrofilia
hydrophile in Hebrew: הידרופיליות
hydrophile in Lithuanian: Hidrofiliškumas
hydrophile in Dutch: Hydrofiel
hydrophile in Norwegian: Hydrofil
hydrophile in Polish: Hydrofilowość
hydrophile in Portuguese: Hidrofilia
hydrophile in Romanian: Hidrofilie
hydrophile in Russian: Гидрофильность
hydrophile in Slovenian: Hidrofilnost
hydrophile in Finnish: Hydrofiilinen
hydrophile in Swedish: Hydrofil
hydrophile in Turkish: Hidrofil
hydrophile in Ukrainian: Гідрофільність
hydrophile in Chinese: 親水性
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